According to Science Daily, “Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, … One of the complications of platonic love lies within the persistence of the use of the title itself "platonic love" versus the use of "friend". When we learn a language, when we learn a word in that language, it will be very useful for us to learn both the opposite and the synonyms of this word. , "[...] decent human beings must be gratified, as well as those that are not as yet decent, so that they might become more decent; and the love of the decent must be preserved. "Dynamics of vision in Plato's thought. In this sense, it most often refers to a heterosexual relationship. If a guy and a girl hang out all the time but aren't boyfriend and girlfriend, they'd describe their friendship as platonic. A … It is derived from the concept in Plato's Symposium of the love of the idea of good which lies at the root of all virtue and truth. Opposite Of Platonic, Antonyms of Platonic, Meaning and Example Sentences Antonym opposite words contradict each other and meet opposite meanings. In addition to being used to refer to a feeling, 'Platonic love 'It is also used to refer to the loved and idealized person who provokes this feeling. platonic definition: 1. The object which awakens this desirous love in all its forms is beauty, and beauty is eternal. The following signs will make it easier to identify a platonic love friendship. So, while it can certainly coexist with erotic love, it can also help both parties to it live more fulfilling lives even in the absence of romance. Pregnancy of the body results in human children. The term platonic love originally comes from philosopher Plato who described his notion of love in his famous text ‘The Symposium”. 5 Signs of Platonic Love 1. [according to whom?] In the following quote, the author simplifies the idea of virtue as simply what is "good". This was caused by Georgios Gemistos Plethon during the Councils of Ferrara and Firenze in 1438–1439. But, at the same time, physical touch in the form of hugs, or reassuring touches, is important in a relationship. Platonic definition, of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or his doctrines: the Platonic philosophy of ideal forms. Later in 1469, Marsilio Ficino put forward a theory of neo-platonic love in which he defines love as a personal ability of an individual which guides their soul towards cosmic processes and lofty spiritual goals and heavenly ideas (De Amore, Les Belles Lettres, 2012). The immediate object of the Symposium—which professes to record the discourses made in eulogy of Eros by a group of eminent speakers at a banquet in honour of the tragic poet Agathon—is to find the highest manifestation of the love which controls the world in the mystic aspiration after union with the eternal and supercosmic beauty. In the modern use it has generally been used to mean a non-romantic relationship between heterosexual opposite sex friends. Of particular importance is the speech of Socrates, who attributes to the prophetess Diotima an idea of platonic love as a means of ascent to contemplation of the divine. Learn more. Its symbol would be the white rose. Secondly, a study by Hause and Messman[which?] The step of this ascent is known as the "Ladder of Love". The centre of philosophical interest lies in the discourse of Socrates, which he professes to have learned from the priestess Diotima of Mantinea. "Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. 2 : a close relationship between two persons in which sexual desire is nonexistent or has been suppressed or sublimated. • Lovely platonic evenings, the odd kiss and fumble? Platonic love meant ideal sympathy ; it now means the love of a sentimental young gentleman for a woman he cannot or will not marry. It resonates with element water, since emotions need to flow. The first use of the modern sense of platonic love is taken as an invention of Ficino in one of his letters. Dynamics of vision in Plato's thought. Platonic describes a relationship that is purely spiritual and not physical. , "Eros is ... a moment of transcendence ... in so far as the other can never be possessed without being annihilated in its status as the other, at which point both desire and transcendence would cease ... (84), In the Symposium, Eros is discussed as a Greek god—more specifically, the king of the gods, with each guest of the party giving a eulogy in praise of Eros. 3 Meaning of platonic love Platonic is an adjective that comes from Platonĭcus, a term from the Latin language. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. For Plato, love aims at beautiful and good things, because this brings happiness. Instead, it was a love that inspired nobler pursuits, and brought one closer to the divine. It explains the possibilities of how the feeling of love began and how it has evolved—both sexually and non-sexually. See more. The desirous soul is not yet in fruition of the good. It brought about the best in both people. Originally, Platonic love was love that was not vulgar, meaning it wasn’t centered on lust or fulfilling carnal needs. “And those who only know the non-platonic love have no need to talk of tragedy. This is the type of love, that, according to Socrates, is practiced by animals. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Herrmann, F. (2013). Platonic love, a supremely affectionate relationship between human beings in which sexual intercourse is neither desired nor practiced. All the surprises in the world could pop up, but this relationship may stay the same. Plato defined platonic love as the kind of love that motivates us to become better versions of ourselves, inspiring us to pursue greater goals, and bringing us closer to enlightenment or the divine. Sometimes, the connection is even greater. ", Rojcewicz, R. (1997). 2 For Diotima, and for Plato generally, the most correct use of love of human beings is to direct one's mind to love of divinity. According to Diotima in her discussion with Socrates, for anyone to achieve the final rung in the Ladder of Love, they would essentially transcend the body and rise to immortality—gaining direct access to Being. ‘platonic love’ ‘Modern readers continue to debate whether the poems express platonic friendship or sexual love.’ ‘Have you had a platonic friendship that crossed the line and became romantic or sexual?’ ‘It is a purely platonic friendship, we are good company for each other.’ That’s why when we use the term in daily life, we talk about it as a non-romantic love you have for a friend, which obviously means it’s non-sexual, too. It is named after Greek philosopher Plato, though the philosopher never used the term himself. Some modern authors' perception of the terms "virtue" and "good" as they are translated into English from the Symposium are a good indicator of this misunderstanding. They refer to the special bond of affection between two men Plato had highlighted in a dialogue, and exemplified by the affection between Socrates and his young male pupils, in particular to the one between Socrates and Alcibiades. It is on the way to fruition, just as the philosopher is not yet in possession of wisdom but is reaching out after it. Platonic love as devised by Plato concerns rising through levels of closeness to wisdom and true beauty from carnal attraction to individual bodies to attraction to souls, and eventually, union with the truth. This concept of Divine Eros is later transformed into the term platonic love. The term is named after Plato, who philosophised about the nature of love. Real platonic love is stronger and more meaningful than romantic or sexual love. Rojcewicz, R. (1997). If a guy and a girl hang out all the time but aren't boyfriend and girlfriend, they'd describe their friendship as platonic. The main argument may be summarized thus: eros, desirous love in all its forms, is a reaching out of the soul to a good to which it aspires but does not yet possess. The first use of the modern sense of platonic love is taken a… On Ficin… A feeling of familiarity with another. According to Plato, there are different stages of appreciation and love that a person must go through if he feels inclined to experience the ultimate and divine love, named ‘The Beautiful’. The love between friends is platonic love. From the Renaissance to the end of the 19th century, the term platonic love was also used as an occasional euphemism for homosexual love, in view of the comparatively tolerant attitude to such love discernible in Plato as well as in other Greek authors. Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. , The ladder starts with carnal attraction of body for body, progressing to a love for body and soul. Corrections? It usually applies to that love which develops from an ideal or imagination, without any sexual intimacy. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Platonic friendship specifically refers to friendship between two people who could, in theory, feel attracted to each other. It is the use of the word love that directs us towards a deeper relationship than the scope of a normal friendship. , What Plato describes as "pregnancy of the body" is entirely carnal and seeks pleasure and beauty in bodily form only. For a brief period, Platonic love was a fashionable subject at the English royal court, especially in the circle around Queen Henrietta Maria, the wife of King Charles I. Platonic love was the theme of some of the courtly masques performed in the Caroline era—though the fashion soon waned under pressures of social and political change. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Platonic_love&oldid=996247071, Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2019, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Messman, S. J., Hause, D. J., & Hause, K. S. (2000). 'S how she really views it carnal attraction of body for body, never being able to access the meaning of platonic love. Develops from an ideal or imagination, without any sexual intimacy of beauty not yet in fruition of the and. Originally, platonic love or platonic relationship or emotion is loving but not sexual the endeavour, in with..., progressing to a love for body and soul today this is the result of pregnancy of soul. 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